Volume 05 - Issue 03

July 2017

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Conceptions Of The Nature Of Biology Held By Senior Secondsry School Biology Teachers In Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Adegboye Motunrayo Catherine Ganiyu Bello Isaac Olakanmi Abimbola
Pages: 1-12

This study investigated the conceptions of the nature of Biology held by biology teachers in Ilorin, Nigeria. Specifically, the study examined the influence of gender, qualifications and experiences on the biology teachers’ conceptions of the nature of biology. The study was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population for the study comprised all the biology teachers in Ilorin, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select two hundred and sixty (260) biology teachers from Ilorin, Nigeria. A questionnaire entitled “Biology Teachers’ Conceptions of the Nature of Biology Questionnaire “(BTCNBQ) was designed by the researchers and used to collect data in the study. Results of the study revealed that each biology teacher held admixture of informed conceptions, and misconceptions conceptions about the nature of biology. The results of the study also revealed that biology teachers’ gender, qualifications and experience did not have significant influence on the number of misconceptions and informed conceptions of the nature biology they held. Based on the findings, it was recommended that, Biology teacher educators and curriculum experts should introduce the courses on the nature and philosophy of biology into teacher education programmes, to enhance teachers’ curricular and pedagogic content knowledge.

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Examining the Relationships Between the Level of Schools for Being Professional Learning Communities and Teacher Professionalism

Ramazan Cansoy Hanifi Parlar
Pages: 13-27

The objective of this study is to examine the relationships between the levels of schools for being professional learning communities and teacher professionalism based on teachers' perceptions. The participants were a total of 543 teachers working at elementary, middle and high schools in the Eyüp District of Istanbul. The data were gathered through the "Professional Learning Community Scale" and the "Teacher Professionalism Scale". The results showed that the teachers' perceptions on schools becoming professional learning communities and teacher professionalism were above moderate level. There were positive and significant correlations between all dimensions regarding the levels of schools for being professional learning communities, and teacher professionalism. Besides, the only significant and positive predictor of teacher professionalism was found to be the dimension "collective learning and applications" of professional learning community scale.

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Learner Diversity in the Classrooms: The Interplay of Language of Instruction, Gender and Disability

Mwajabu K. Possi Joseph Reginard Milinga
Pages: 28-44

The research was conducted to look into learner diversity in inclusive classrooms focusing on language of instruction, gender and disability issues, and their implications for education practices. It used a qualitative approach to obtain data addressing the research problem from two inclusive secondary schools in Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania. A purposive sampling was used to obtain the schools and research participants who were teachers and students. Open ended interviews, classroom observations, and focus group discussions were used in data collection. The findings have indicated challenges in teaching mixed classes by teachers as well as students in such classes; especially those with disability. However, interactions between girls and boys were generally positive although the latter dominated in some classroom conversations. It is recommended that all teachers in inclusive schools should be trained on how to handle students with special needs in particular, and knowledge of learner diversity generally, during their initial-teacher training and further enhanced through continued in-service trainings. Lastly, it is recommended that another study, using both quantitative and qualitative approaches, be conducted using a bigger sample involving other types of participants with special needs; the parents of children in special needs should participate in the proposed study.

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Perceptions of Generation Y Undergraduate Students on Career Choices and Employment Leadership: A Study on Private Higher Education Institutions in Selangor

Clarence Anthony Puspanathan Charles Ramendran SPR Pragash Muthurajan Ninderpal Singh Balwant Singh
Pages: 45-67

The crucial step for organisations which are recruiting Generation Y into their workforce is to understand their perceptions and expectations. This would help organisations emerge with the right strategies to attract and retain the Generation Y cohort. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the body of knowledge base in respect of Generation Y expectations and perceptions on their career choices and its influence on leadership. However, due to lack of academic research on the career expectations and perceptions of Generation Y that deems to be important, popular literature and researches were included in this research (Vieira, 2010). The target sample and population were focused on Generation Y who is undergraduates within the Selangor area. A qualitative method was used in this study to gather perceptions. Although twenty participants were targeted as the sample, the findings and discussions of this research are based on fifteen responses due to the invalidity of the remaining five. The findings generated from the responses were found in line with the theories adopted and explained. Moreover, recommendations for both organisations in Malaysia and future researches are discussed

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The Examination Of The Attitudes Of Secondary School Students Towards Physical Education Course According To Certain Variables

Özkan Keskin Gülten Hergüner Ahmet Dönmez Milaim Berisha Erkan Üçan
Pages: 59-67

The aim of this study is to examine the attitudes of primary education students towards physical education courses according to certain variables. 640 students from elementary schools in the city center and several counties of Sakarya participated in the study. In the designating of the students’ attitudes towards the physical education courses, the Physical Education Courses Attitude scale, which was developed by Güllü and Güçlü (2009), was used. In the statistical analysis of the acquired data as a result of the study, frequency, One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis H analysis were conducted in SPSS 15.0 for Windows software. As a result of the study, it is concluded that a large part of the students (63.9%) have a habit of doing sports regularly and the number of students who practice sports in a sports club is considerably high (43.8%). When the attitudes of the students towards the physical education courses are examined, it is discovered that the attitudes of students towards the physical education courses are generally high. It is also concluded that the attitudes of students towards the physical education courses do not demonstrate a statistically significant difference in terms of gender and age groups (P>0.05). On the contrary, it is determined that the students’ involvement in practicing sports with a license in a sports club and attending to tournaments affected their attitude towards the physical education courses positively and this acquired result is statistically meaningful.

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Turkish Science Teachers’ Attitudes towards the Constructivist Approach

Ayşem Seda Önen Canan Altundağ F.Merve Mustafaoğlu
Pages: 68-81

In this study, the attitudes of physics, chemistry and biology teachers towards constructivist approach were investigated in terms of participants’ demographic information (e.g. subject area, professional seniority, education, participation to in-service training or not…). In total, 1958 teachers, who are working at high schools of Turkish Ministry of National Education in different cities, from all aforementioned subject areas participated in the study. The constructivist approach questionnaire used in the study was developed by Balım, Kesercioğlu, İnel and Evrekli (2002). Aforementioned questionnaire is designed in 5-point Likert type and consists of 20 items, which are divided into three factors. The Cronbach-Alpha reliability of sub-factors of the questionnaire is 0.93, 0.91 and 0.90 respectively. Demographic information used in the study was formed by the participants. The results of the study revealed that there is a positive correlation between the attitudes of the teachers towards constructivist approach and their demographic information, and the findings have been reported.

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Understanding of Macroscopic, Microscopic and Symbolic Representations Among Form Four Students in Solving Stoichiometric Problems

Kamariah Binti Sujak Esther Gnanamalar Sarojini Daniel
Pages: 85-92

The purpose of this article is to determine the levels of understanding for solving Stoichiometry problems from the aspect of macroscopic, microscopic and symbolic representations of high, average and low achieving students after infusion of metacognitive skills. Nine form four students aged sixteen years old from a secondary school in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were involved in this research. Data were collected through thinking aloud sessions and documents of students’ worksheets. Findings showed that the level of understanding from the aspect of the macroscopic, microscopic and symbolic representations among high achieving students appeared high and solved all the Stoichiometry problems related to balancing chemical equations at the end of the infusion. The average and low achieving students also seemed to understand the three levels of representations and could solve most of the problems except that they could not understand the mole ratio in balancing chemical equations. This implies that the understanding of the mole ratio is necessary for solving stoichiometric problems

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Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences (MOJES) strives to provide a national and international academic forum to meet the professional interests of individuals in various educational disciplines. It is a professional refereed journal in the interdisciplinary fields sponsored by the Faculty of Education, University of Malaya. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing a wide range of topics in Educational Sciences. It is committed to providing access to quality researches ranging from original research, theoretical articles and concept papers in educational sciences. In order to produce a high quality journal, extensive effort has been put into selecting valuable researches that contributed to the journal. I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to the editorial board, reviewers and researchers for their valuable contributions to make this journal a reality.

Professor Datuk Dr. Sufean Hussin, University of Malaya, Malaysia

July 2017 Editor in chief