Volume 01- Issue 03

July 2013

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Capacity Levels of Academic Staff in a Malaysian Public University: Students’ Perspective

Muhammad Jawad Tajuddin Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani Saedah Siraj Mohd Helmi Firdaus Saifuldin Husaina Banu Kenayatulla Faisol Elham
Pages: 1-13

This research aims to develop a competency model for staff of higher education institutions in Malaysia. The model involves the listing of the main features and implementation strategy for the development of academic competence. Specifically, this research aims to achieve the following research objectives: a) to identify if there is any significant difference between locally and internationally educated staff in terms of capacities, b) to identify if there is any significant correlation between the following demographics and levels of capacity, i. teaching experience, and ii. academic position; and c) to identify the level of capacity effectiveness among staff? This research applies a quantitative methodology through survey research. The sample includes 120 students in a public university evaluating 10 staff; 5 locally educated & 5 international. The instruments involves a modified questionnaire from an original instrument by Tengku Noorainun Tengku Shahdan (2011) The data analysis will use both statistical descriptive analysis – mean and standard deviation – and statistical inference analysis – Spearman’s r correlation and Mann-Whitney U. This research found that there is no significant difference between locally and internationally educated faculties in terms of capacities when p = 0.267 (p > 0.05). For the second research question, this research found that there is no significant correlation between teaching experience with capacity level when p=0.314. On the other hand, there is a significant correlation between academic position with capacity level when p=0.032. For the third research question, this research found that both locally and internationally educated staff have a high level of effectiveness and satisfactory when the overall mean score is more than 3.80. The implication of this research is staff must pay more attention to developing themselves through scholarly works.

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Career Guidance, Participation of Students and its Implication for Kano, Nigeria

Isa Ado Abubakar
Pages: 14-19

The purpose of the study was to examine students’ participation in career guidance activities as mechanism through which young adults are developed into productive, responsible personalities well equipped for life and work in today’s technology based society. The study focused on career information search, career exploration and assessment aspects of participation. Thus, the findings would help the stakeholders, policy makers and educators in improving the career guidance in schools for effective delivery. Data were collected on 387 participants through 4 Likert scale questionnaires and descriptive statistic, independent t- tests and multiple regression analysis were performed. The results revealed that participation in career guidance activities is generally low and no significant difference existed in the pattern of participation among genders. The predictors were determined and implications of the study are discussed.

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Financial Decentralization in Malaysian Schools: Strategies for Effective Implementation

Norfariza Mohd Radzi Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani Saedah Siraj Mojgan Afshari
Pages: 20-32

This article presents findings on the essential strategies required at the school site and the relevant people responsible for the effective implementation of school-based financial management in Malaysia. Many lessons have been learned since more than a decade of the school-based financial management reform in Malaysia through the establishment of school as Responsibility Centre or Pusat Tanggungjawab (PTj). The government of Malaysia has allocated an enormous amount of money for the education sector during last the few decades to ensure the highest quality of education for Malaysian society. Therefore school finance has to be managed strategically to confirm the best educational outcome through effective resource allocation. This study employed the qualitative approach using the interview method with ten selected principals heading schools with financial autonomy in Malaysia. The findings revealed a few essential strategies that need to be focused by schools both at individual level and school level in order to successfully manage school finances. The collaboration and mutual effort from all stakeholders are expected to bring transformation toward effective school based financial management in Malaysia.

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Relationship between Learning Strategies and Motivation by using Structural Equation Modeling Approach

Mohamad Azrien Mohamed Adnan Mohd Sahari Nordin Mohd Burhan Ibrahim
Pages: 33-40

This paper aimed at examining the learning strategies constructs and to investigate the relationship between learning strategies and motivation in Arabic courses. The study uses a questionnaire as the information-gathering instrument, and the participants comprised students from two public universities in Peninsular Malaysia who are studying Arabic language. A total of 139 students were selected for this study. The questionnaire’s construct validity was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model including factors representing the dimensions metacognitive self-regulation, organization and peer learning was the best fit. Significant correlations between motivation and learning strategies subscales (metacognitive self-regulation and organization) provided preliminary evidence of predictive validity of the measure. Metacognitive self-regulation strategy has positive correlation with organization and peer learning strategy. The organization strategy was also positively correlated to peer learning strategy. The metacognitive self-regulation and organization have significant effect on motivation. Contrary to our expectation, peer learning has no significant effect on motivation.

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Research and Trends in the Studies of School-Based Oral English Assessment from 2003 to 2011: A Review of Selected Journals

Nur Diana Mohd Kamal Saedah Siraj Norlidah Alias Mohammad Attaran
Pages: 41-51

Assessing oral proficiency is a real challenge for English language practitioners. Throughout the process of assessing, many features of oral competence are worth given attention by teachers as the assessors. As such, the Malaysian Ministry of Education has urged for another alternative for oral assessment in 2002 with the intention of revamping and improvising the existing system. This new assessment is none other than School-Based Oral English Assessment (SBOEA). Therefore, this paper intends to review the studies done on the implementation of School-Based Oral English Assessment (SBOEA). Among the 15 articles selected from 2003 to 2011, 7 of them focused on the Malaysian school context. The rest of articles touched on School-Based Assessment in other contexts and speaking test as a whole. Based on this review, it is now possible to postulate that most studies were conducted to investigate respondents’ attitude and perception toward this type of assessment. At this juncture, it is also obvious that mixed methods which involve the use of both quantitative and qualitative study are the most preferred method in the studies of School-Based Oral Assessment. Although the use of questionnaire is fairly dominant in these journals articles, it is noted that other instruments such as semi-structured interview, observation and document analysis were also employed for data analysis. In addition, the insight and the data gained from these studies could be beneficial for future reference in reviewing and modifying the implementation of School-Based English Oral Assessment in Malaysia. As such, the findings drawn from the studies can shed some light for better implementation in Malaysia.

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